Timbuktu Update by Shamil Jeppie

Source : http://www.tombouctoumanuscripts.org/blog/entry/timbuktu_update/

13.00, Wednesday, January 30, 2013
Tombouctou Manuscripts Project
(www.tombouctoumanuscripts.org)
Huma (Institute for humanities in Africa)
University of Cape Town

Since the start of this week there are reports about the destruction of library buildings
and book collections in Timbuktu. It sounds as if the written heritage of the town went
up in flames. According to our information this is not the case at all. The custodians of
the libraries worked quietly throughout the rebel occupation of Timbuktu to ensure the
safety of their materials. A limited number of items have been damaged or stolen, the
infrastructure neglected and furnishings in the Ahmad Baba Institute library looted but
from all our local sources – all intimately connected with the public and private
collections in the town - there was no malicious destruction of any library or collection.

By Sunday January 27 the Ansar Dine rebels had fled Timbuktu. The French army and its
Malian partners entered the town on that day.

One of the first reports on Monday morning out of the town was that a library and books had
been set alight. A Sky News journalist, Alex Crawford, embedded with the French forces,
reported from inside the new Ahmad Baba building, which is opposite the Sankore mosque.
This building was officially opened in 2009 and is the product of a partnership between South
Africa and Mali. It is meant to be a state-of-the-art archival, conservation, and research
facility. Images showed empty manuscript enclosures strewn on the floor, some burnt leather
pouches, and a small pile of ashes. She reported that over 25,000 mss had been burned or
disappeared. Additional images showed her going down to the vault of the archives and
looking at empty display cabinets. No signs of fire could be seen.

The mayor of Timbuktu, Hallè Ousmane, based around 800 km away, in Bamako, was quoted
in various media reports that a library building and manuscripts were torched by fleeing
rebels. There is no other evidence but the word of the mayor. News spread to international
media and the mayor’s words were reported as hard fact.

We tried all of Monday, since these reports appeared, to contact colleagues in Timbuktu but
without success. The town was in a communications and electricity blackout since around
January 20, we were told by Malian colleagues; no eyewitness reports had been coming out of
the town for more than a week at this point.

Sources from Bamako in the evening reported that Mohamed Ibrahim Cissé, President of the
Chairman of the Board of the Cercle of Timbuktu still confirmed, on France 24, that the new
Ahmed Baba Institute building had been burned by the Ansar Dine before fleeing.

By Monday night we finally managed to contact our colleague, Dr Mohamed Diagayeté,
senior researcher at the Ahmad Baba Institue, now based in Bamako. He heard much the
same reports that we heard. However, he added that the majority of the mss. of the Institute
was still stored in the old building – opened in 1974 and on the other side of the town, from
the new building.

He told us that the latest news about the new building, as of eight days before the flight of the
Ansar Dine, was that the building had not been destroyed. He said that around 10,000 mss
had been stored in the new building since there was no more space for the mss in the old
building. They were placed in trunks in the vaults of the new building. Upstairs, where the
restoration was taking place and boxes were made there were only a few mss. After seeing
Sky News footage, he says that the images were of the few mss upstairs waiting to be worked
on by the conservators.

However, by Tuesday morning, Dr. Mahmoud Zouber, Mali’s presidential aide on Islamic
affairs and founding director of the Ahmad Baba Institute, told Time, that before the rebel
take-over the manuscripts: “They were put in a very safe place. I can guarantee you. The
manuscripts are in total security.”

Finally, the journalist Markus M. Haeflinger, writing in Neue Zuercher Zeitung this morning,
reports on his interview with the previous and present directors of the Ahmad Baba Institute
in Bamako, on how the larger part of the Ahmad Baba collection was hidden and even
transported out of Timbuktu during the crisis.

The protection of the cultural and intellectual heritage of this region needs to be enhanced and
promoted. The abandonment of the security of Timbuktu nine months ago, the flight of
archivists and researchers, and the closure of libraries should not be repeated. We remain in
contact with our colleagues in Mali and are keen to establish precisely which manuscripts
were damaged, destroyed, or stolen.

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